Science

Year 7

TermAutumn 1: 2 topics taught concurrentlyAutumn 1: 2 topics taught concurrently
Weeks77
Unit Title:1. Introduction to science

2. Matter: Particle model and separating mixtures
Forces: speed and gravityElectricity:
Voltage, resistance and current
Organisms: Movement and cells
Overview (content/skills)Introductory skills in the first week:

• Lab safety
• Apparatus,
• Scientifically terminology (e.g. different types of variables)
Matter:
• States of matter (solids, liquids and gases- how each of the particles behave in each state of matter)
• Changing states
• Melting and freezing
• Pure substances, mixtures and solutions
• Fingerprinting
• Chromatography
• Distillation
• Separating mixtures
Forces:

• Understanding speed
• Describing/exploring journeys with distance-time graphs
• Investigating the motion of a car on a ramp
• Introduction/understanding forces
• Understanding gravitational fields
• Gravity, mass and weight
Electricity:

• Describing/building electrical circuits
• Energy in circuits
• Current
• Voltage
• Resistance
• Series and parallel circuits
• TermStatic charge
Organisms:

• Human skeleton
• Joints and muscles
• Interacting muscles
• Problems with the skeletal system
• Organisation in organisms
• Animal and plant cells
• Adaptations of cells
• Exploring cells using microscopes
• Unicellular organisms
Some subject specific literacy:Independent, dependent and control variables
Compress
Melting, freezing, evaporation, condensation, sublimation, chromatography, distillation, filtration, accuracy, reliability, validity
Balancing forces, resultant forces, distance time graphs, gravity, speed, movement, types of forces.Series and parallel circuits
Ohm’s law
Current
Voltage
Resistance
Ligaments, osteoporosis, arthritis, stimulant, depressant, hallucinogen
Cell, tissue, organ
Nucleus, cytoplasm, cell membrane, vacuole, chloroplasts, cell wall, magnification
Numeracy:Analysing graphs, understanding how to plot graphs using an x and y axis, using the correct scaleUsing a formula triangle to calculate speed:
Distance/Time
Units for mass & weight
Analysing graphs, understanding how to plot graphs using an x and y axis, using the correct scale
Using a formula triangle to calculate resistance:
Voltage/Current
Value of current is the same in a series circuit but shared in a parallel circuit
Value of voltage is the same in a parallel circuit but shared in a series circuit
Using a formula triangle to calculate magnification:
Image size/Actual size
Assessment:End of topic testEnd of topic testEnd of topic testEnd of topic test
Wider world/research homeworkWhat is Non-Newtonian fluid?
Why do forensic scientists use fingerprinting to solve crimes?
What is the purpose of chromatography?
How can we investigate whether there is alcohol in a drink?
Give examples of mixtures that can be separated.
Draw a distance- time graph and write a story that describes the journey you have drawn

Tim Peake: Why was he able to do somersaults on the rocket?
Give some real-life examples of series and parallel circuits and how they work

How does the volume control on a radio work?

How is lightening caused?
What does it mean to be ‘double-jointed?’
Draw a timeline of how microscopes were developed over time
What is the difference between a light and electron microscope?

 

TermSpring 1: 2 topics taught concurrentlySpring 2: 2 topics taught concurrently
Weeks56
Unit Title:Ecosystems: Interdependence and plant reproductionReactions:
Metals, non-metals, acids and alkalis
Earth:
Climate and earth resources
Energy:
Energy costs and transfers
Overview (content/skills)Ecosystems:

• Food chains
• Food webs
• Effects of toxins on the environment
• Importance of insects
• Ecological balance
• Plant fertilisation
• Seed dispersal
• Understanding how fruits disperse seeds
Reactions:

• Periodic table
• Metals and non-metals
• Group 1 elements
• Group 7 elements
• Group 0 elements
• Chemical & physical reactions
• Acids and alkalis
• Indicators
• Neutralisation
• pH rainbow
Earth:

• Structure of the earth
• Igneous rocks
• Weathering and erosion
• Sedimentary rocks
• Metamorphic rocks
• Properties of rocks
• The rock cycle
Energy:

• Energy transfer by fuels and food
• Comparing rates of energy transfers
• Cost of energy in the home
• Getting electricity needed
• Using electricity responsibly
• Energy stores and transfers
• Potential and kinetic energy
• Elastic energy
Some subject specific literacy:Energy transfer, producer, primary/secondary/tertiary/quaternary consumer, decomposer, nutrients, toxins, predator, prey, competition, adaptation, pollination, fertilisation, dispersalElements, compounds, electrons, protons, neutrons, acids and alkalis, pH scale, reactivity series, pH indicators, neutralisation reactionsCrust, mantle, core, lithosphere, atmosphere, igneous/ sedimentary/metamorphic rocks, weathering, erosionFuel, calories, joules, voltage, potential energy, kinetic energy, elastic energy, kilowatts, watts, renewable/non-renewable resources
Numeracy:Basic numeracyBasic numeracyBasic numeracyCalculating power:
Energy transferred/Time
Converting units, e.g. Watts (W) into Kilowatts (kW)
Cost of electricity = Power x time x cost per kWh
Assessment:End of topic testEnd of topic testEnd of topic testEnd of topic test
Wider world/research homeworkWhat is DDT and how has it affected the environment?

Give examples of predators and prey- how does the number of prey affect predators?

Explain the difference between pollination and fertilisation

How can we tell the difference between a fruit and a vegetable?
Can you find real-life examples of materials that contain the group 1/group 7/group 0 elements?

Create a poster with colours of the pH scale with real-life examples of acids and alkalis

Explain the importance of neutralisation in the digestive system
Explain what the different types of weathering are

How are fossils formed/which rock are you expected to find fossils?

Create a poster on stages of the rock cycle
How is electricity transported to your home?

Can you find out the different types of energy?

Explain what ‘dissipation’ of energy means

What are the advantages of using renewable energy?

 

TermSummer 1 & 2: 2 topics taught concurrently
WeeksSummer 1 (6) Summer 2 (7)
Unit Title:Waves:
Sound and light
Genes:
Variation and human reproduction
Overview (content/skills)Waves:

• Sound
• Understanding how sound travels through materials
• Absorption of sound
• Properties of light
• Reflection
• Refraction
• The eyes
• Exploring coloured light
Genes:

• Variation
• Female reproductive system and fertility
• Male reproductive system and fertility
• How a foetus develops
• Factors affecting the development of a foetus
• Smoking in pregnancy
Some subject specific literacy:Sound waves, vacuum, oscilloscope, absorption, opaque, wavelength, frequency, wave speed, transparent, translucent, specular, reflection, refraction, dispersionVariation, characteristics, genes, ovaries, fallopian tube, uterus, testes, sperm duct, foetus, placenta, umbilical cord
Numeracy:Using a formula triangle to calculate wavelength:
Wavespeed/Frequency

Basic numeracy
Basic numeracy, analysing graphs
Assessment:End of topic testEnd of topic test
Wider world/research homeworkWhat is the difference between a transverse and longitudinal wave? Give examples of each

Draw an oscilloscope trace for a dog barking/mouse squeaking

Compare reflection and refraction
Draw a table to compare environmental and genetic variation - are there any that could be examples of both?

What is meant by an ‘ectopic pregnancy?’

How are identical/non-identical twins formed?
Create an information leaflet on how someone should stay healthy during pregnancy - why should they avoid smoking?

 

Year 8

TermAutumn 1: 2 topics taught concurrentlyAutumn 1: 2 topics taught concurrentlySpring 1: 2 topics taught concurrentlySpring 1: 2 topics taught concurrentlySummer 1:
2 topics taught concurrently
Summer 2:
2 topics taught concurrently
 
Weeks85667 (6 due to exam)
Unit Title:Variation/
human reproduction
MatterWavesEarth StructureBreathing and disgestionEnergyReactionsEcosystemsEarthGenesGenes
Overview of contentVariation & causes of variation
Importance of variation
Male & female reproductive system Fertilisation
Development of a foetus & factors affecting the development of the foetus
Effects of smoking on pregnancy
The Periodic table
Metals & non-metals
Atoms, elements & compounds History of the atom
Drawing atoms & electronic structure
Atomic number & mass number
Exploring sound & understanding how it travels through materials
Reflection & absorption of sound
Properties of light
Reflection & refraction
Seeing clearly (The Eye)
Exploring Coloured light
Structure of the Earth
Weathering & erosion
Sedimentary, igneous & metamorphic rocks
Investigating properties of rocks
Rock cycle
Understanding breathing Measuring breathing
Gas exchange in humans
Effects of disease & lifestyle
Healthy diet
Effects of an unbalanced diet
The human digestive system
Doing work
Making work easier
Thermal energy
Heating
Stopping heat from travelling
Energy and temperature
Exothermic & endothermic reactions
Understanding reaction profiles
Using catalysts
Combustion
Fuels
Thermal decomposition
Aerobic & anaerobic respiration
Investigating fermentation
Photosynthesis
Investigating photosynthesis
Structure of a leaf
Transport of water & minerals in plants
Understanding our atmosphere
The carbon cycle & human impact on the carbon cycle
Global warming
Exploring damage to the Earth’s resources
The importance of recycling
Extracting metals
Natural selection
Importance of biodiversity
Explaining extinction
Understanding DNA
Understanding the role of chromosomes
Understanding variation
Modelling inheritance

Revision
Revision
SkillsInvestigative skillsInvestigative skillsInvestigative skillsInvestigative skillsInvestigative skillsInvestigative skillsInvestigative skillsInvestigative skillsInvestigative skillsInvestigative skillsInvestigative skillsInvestigative skills
Some subject specific literacy:Variation, continuous, discontinuous, reproduction, fertilisation, foetus, fertility Atoms, elements, compounds, electrons, protons, neutrons, atomic number, mass number Reflection, refraction, incident ray, vibrations, wavelength, amplitude, frequency, pitch, longitudinal, transverseWeathering, erosion, metamorphic, igneous, sedimentary, intrusive, extrusive, mantle Respiration, inhalation, exhalation, diaphragm, trachea, bronchioles, alveoli, vital capacity, enzymesWork, force, distance, newtons, conduction, convection, radiation, insulatorsExothermic, endothermic, thermal decomposition, catalyst, combustion Aerobic, anaerobic, respiration, photosynthesis, xylem, phloem, transpirationAtmosphere, respiration, photosynthesis, combustion, decomposition, deforestation, greenhouse gasesEvolution, biodiversity, extinction, DNA, chromosomes, genes, alleles, dominant, recessive, variationEvolution, biodiversity, extinction, DNA, chromosomes, genes, alleles, dominant, recessive, variation
Numeracy:Analysing graphs Analysing graphs, analysing data tables, using formulasAnalysing graphsAnalysing data tablesAnalysing data tables, using formulasUsing formulas, plotting & analysing graphsAnalysing data tables & graphsAnalysing data tables & graphsAnalysing data tables & graphsRatios & probability, calculating percentages, analysing data tables & graphs Ratios & probability, calculating percentages, analysing data tables & graphs
Assessment:End of topic testEnd of topic testEnd of topic testEnd of topic testEnd of topic testEnd of topic testEnd of topic testEnd of topic testEnd of topic testEnd of topic testEnd of topic testEnd of year exam
Wider world/research homeworkWhat is IVF and how can you use IVF to treat infertility?Make a poster on how the ideas about the atom has changed over time Explain how lenses can be used to correct visionMake a 3D model of the Earth’s structureHow does smoking and asthma affect the breathing system?
Create a health warning for a cigarette pack
Research different ways of insulating a house to reduce energy transferCreate an informative document that details the importance of catalystsMake a model of xylem and describe how it transports water using keywordsCreate an informative document that details the causes and effects of global warming How did Charles Drawing come up with his theory of natural selection?What is cystic fibrosis? Describe the causes, symptoms and any treatments